Regulatory Compliance

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, (08/1991-05/1998)

Positions included: Ocean and Freshwater Fish Program Manager, Columbia River Policy Coordinator, Western Washington Habitat Management Biologist, Puget Sound Harvest Coordinator, and Mid-Columbia Predator Index Study Biologist. ​ As a regional Fish Program Manager, was responsible for over 80 employees through five subordinate supervisors and seven-figure annual budgets. This position included overseeing development of management state and federal legislation, mitigation programs, strategic plans, program evaluation and implementation processes. Other duties included extensive fiscal and agency-impact bill analysis, government-to-government negotiations, working directly with state and federal congressional members and staff, forging multi-agency agreements through co-management task forces and work groups. ​ Duties also included technical and policy representation on the Pacific Fisheries Management Council and North-of-Cape-Falcon annual regulatory processes, the Pacific Salmon Commission and the Northwest Power & Conservation Council, among other agencies. Was deeply involved with many case laws, treaties, Executive Orders, state, provincial, tribal and federal environmental laws including US v. WA (i.e., Boldt I and II), US v. Oregon, ESA, MBTA, MMPA, the Rafeedie, Martinez and Redden/Smith federal courts, the Northwest Power Act, US/Canada Treaty, and many other substantial ruling conventions that compel natural resource management.

The Mid-Columbia Public Utility District, FERC Relicensing Support – ESA Conservation Plans

Grant, Chelan and Douglas County PUD’s. Wenatchee, WA. Beginning in 1996, and continuing through 2014, Keith led the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, and later, the Colville Tribes’ participation through initial scoping, and subsequent adoption and implementation for the ESA 10 (a)(1)(B) rule Conservation Plan(s). This project supported federal relicensing efforts for five mainstem Columbia River, and tributary hydroelectric projects (in-lieu) through 2052 and beyond. ​ The Habitat Conservation Plans were the first and largest salmon and steelhead conservation agreements stuck in the United States. Keith worked cooperatively with various state and federal fisheries agencies, including NOAA Fisheries, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and three Native American tribes, stakeholders and American Rivers to develop, implement and monitor compliance and effectiveness benchmarks. ​ The main objective in the relicensing and conservation efforts commit to attain a no net impact standard on mid-Columbia salmon and steelhead runs and other target species. This is accomplished through a combination of fish bypass systems, passage path improvements, seasonal spill, off-site hatchery programs and evaluations, and in-lieu habitat restoration work conducted in mid-Columbia tributary systems.