Keith Wolf provided policy and technical assistance to the Colville Tribes for these Accord negotiations. These partnerships were struck to balance the agencies’ needs to perform their missions of navigation, flood risk management, hydropower production, fish and wildlife mitigation and recreation, water supply and irrigation, in a manner consistent with tribal trust and treaty rights.

These agreements support interim and adaptive management measures during review of the ESA Biological Opinion for the Federal Columbia River Power Systems and provided states and tribes more than $950 million to implement projects benefiting salmon, steelhead and other fish and wildlife at on the Columbia and Snake rivers. In 2017, an extension of the Accords provided an additional 900 million dollars of continuing funding.